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The first effective treatment of malaria available to Western medicine. Refined from the bark of the Cinchona tree, native to the Andes mountains. Later imported from colonial holdings in India and Java, the raw cinchona bark was imported into the United Kingdom and processed into quinine at large chemical works such as City Mills and Chemical Works owned by Howard and Sons. Exports in 1911 stood at 1,839,852 ozs.

A Compendium of Domestic Medicine, 1865

All page numbers are recorded as (PDF #/SOURCE #)

Classified by Savory as a Tonic (Remedies which increase the tone and vigour of the body, producing their effects more slowly than stimulants) (416/395)

The use of Quinine is favoured over the use of Peruvian Bark, as Savory claims many patients died of fevers because they could not ingest the required amount. (144/123) Toothaches and jaw aches are also recorded as being cured by quinine. It can also be applied to areas exhibiting neuralgic odontalgia (phantom tooth pain) caused from over extraction. (145/124)

Remedies Containing or to be used with

  • Conserve of Rose (70/49): “an excellent vehicle for exhibiting the sulphate of quinine”
  • Iodine (106/85): syrup of the iodide of iron and quinine is one of the recommended prepared administrations of iodine
  • Iron, Ammonio-Citrate of. Iron, Citrate of, with Quinine (108/87): used when iron is needed
  • Quinine, Sulphate of (144/123): included in a mixture used by Dr. Copland to treat dyspepsia which was accompanied by hepatic derangement.
  • Rose Leaves (148/127): the infusion of rose leaves is a recommended vehicle for sulphate of quinine
  • Tincture of Sulphate of Quinine, Compound (182/161): used predominately to treat ague
  • Wine of Citrate of Iron and Quinine (191/170): “will be found remarkably beneficial in all disorders characterised by debility and poorness of blood in either sex. It is especially suited to females suffering from languor, indigestion, and imperfect assimilation, and to those more particularly whose countenance is pallid, or whose nervous system is weakened.”

Diseases Treated with

General Diseases

  • Ague, or Intermittent Fever (226/205): sulphate of quinine can be administered along with compound tincture of quinine during the intermissions of the disease. If individuals find themselves in areas known for agues, they can take a small dose of quinine two or three times a day. Dr. Copland’s pills “To prevent Sickening in persons exposed to Malaria” contain sulphate of quinine.(227/206)
  • Asthma (229/208) Asthma-hay, Hay-fever, or Summer Bronchitis: quinine along with strong coffee, paregoric, a good diet, and rest will provide some relief
  • Bronchitis (236/215) Chronic: the compound tincture of quinine can be taken when “mucous expectoration becomes purulent… and [when] feverish symptoms are absent.”
  • Headache (258/237): Compound tincture of quinine is included in a mixture that can be used to treat “nervous headaches, brow ague, and neuralgic pains.” Dr. d’Huc has used a snuff that contains sulphate of quinine to treat intermittent headaches.
  • Putrid Sore Throat (270/239): the compound tincture of quinine can be administered to support a patient’s strength.
  • Rheumatism (273/252): quinine and other stimulants and tonics can be used to afford some relief
  • Small-pox (277/256): quinine is used to “support the powers of life”
  • Tic-douloureux (278/257): sulphate of quinine has been given, but results vary. There are cases were quinine has been administered in a snuff. A draught containing compound tincture of quinine, hoffman’s ether, and camphor julep, has been recorded as providing instant relief to sever cases
  • Spitting of Blood (281/260): if the spitting of blood occurs in regular periods, sulphate of quinine in an infusion of roses has been administered.

Infantile Diseases

  • Scarlet Fever (301/280): quinine can be given when the throat is sore and the fever is low

Prescriptions Containing


  • Tonic Mixture for Children (355/334): sulphate of quinine
  • Tonic and Aperient Pills (355/334): sulphate of quinine
  • Tonic Pills (356/335): sulphate of quinine
  • Quinine Draught (356/335): sulphate of quinine

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