Difference between revisions of "Odams Chemical Manure Works"

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Latest revision as of 14:29, 12 May 2016

Odams Chemical Manure Works was founded by James Odams in 1855 and became a company in 1856 (Howarth 1907, 141). The company was based on six acres of land at the Victoria Docks in London and was the second oldest factory in Silvertown. Odams originally made fertilizer from animal blood, which was supplied by a slaughterhouse that James Odams built on a neighbouring 15 acres in 1866 (West Ham: Industries; Howarth 1907,141). The cattle were imported from Holland, Germany, and Denmark. The company later focused on making fertilizers with phosphate, using large quantities of bones, phosphate, and sulphuric acid. The bones were shipped from soap factories around the country but were also imported from Russia, Argentina, Egypt, and British India, while phosphate was from the United States of America, Algeria, and Belgium. Odams created its own sulphuric acid by burning ore from Spain in furnaces, then combing the resulting sulphur dioxide gas with nitrous acid and steam in a system of denitrating towers and leaden chambers. By 1910 Odams Manure Chemical Company had a variety of machinery and buildings on site, including grinding mills, a separating plant, mixers, bone sheds, furnaces, a laboratory, and a sack department to make bags for the fertilizer (The Engineer December 2, 1910, 589-590).




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Used Raw Materials

Cattle, Bones, Phosphate


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