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A dye created from the logwood tree, used to dye black Morocco leather (Yeats 1878, 297).
Database name: Dyewoods Logwood
Logwood comes from a flowering tree native to Mexico and Central America. It was primarily used for dyeing textiles, but its bark and leaves were also used in medical practises. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haematoxylum_campechianum)
Its primary medicinal uses in the Compendium were listed as an astringent and a corroborant, being used to treat diarrhoea, the later stages of dysentery, and infants suffering from cholera.
It is also part of a non-medical mixture included in the Compendium for producing ink when combined with galls.
British Pharmacopoeia 1867
Logwood Haematoxyli Lignum
“The slices heart-wood of Haematoxylum campechianum… Imported from Campeachy, Honduras, and Jamaica.”
“The logs are externally of a dark colour, internally they are reddish-brown; the chips have a feeble agreeable odour, and a sweetish taste; a small portion chewed imparts to the saliva a dark pink colour.” Used in the preparations of:
- Decoctum Haematoxyli
- Extractum Haematoxyli
Preparations of Logwood
Decoction of Logwood / Decoctum Haematoxyli 
- Logwood, in chips (1 oz), cinnamon bark, in coarse powder (60 grains), distilled water (1 pint)
- Dose: 1-2 fl oz
Extract of Logwood / Extractum Haematoxyli 
- logwood, in fine chips (1 lb), boiling distilled water (1 gallon)
- dose: 10-30 grains
A Compendium of Domestic Medicine, 1865
“It is employed medicinally as an astringent and corroborant.” It can be used in treatment for diarrhoea, and the latter stages of dysentery. As a decoction, it can be administered to infants as a treatment for cholera.
Remedies Containing or to be used with Logwood
- Extract of Logwood: an astringent used in the treatment for diarrhoea.
- Galls: non-medical used in the production of ink
- Logwood: see def
Prescriptions Containing Logwood
- Hooper’s Mixture for Diarrhoea: extract of logwood
- General Medical Council of Great Britain, British Pharmacopeia, (London: Spottiswoode & Co.,1867), 148 https://archive.org/details/britishpharmacop00gene
- GMCGB, 148
- GMCGB, 98
- GMCGB, 120
- Savory, John. A Compendium of Domestic Medicine (London: John Churchill and Sons, 1865), 98. https://books.google.ca/books?id=VxoDAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
- Savory, 66
- Savory, 68
- Savory, 98
- Savory, 308