Lamprell Street Match Factory

From London's Ghost Acres

Revision as of 12:29, 14 March 2016 by EliseLehmann (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)


Loading map...

Located in




Used Raw Materials

Timber, Paraffin Wax, Sulphur, Phosphorus, Chlorate of Potash

|1891 |1901 |Salvation Army |-

|1901 |The date "{{{to_date}}}" was not understood.The date "{{{to_date}}}" was not understood. |British Match Corporation |-


In 1891, William Booth of the Salvation Army opened up a match factory in London that would only produce safety matches, made with harmless red phosphorus. This was a direct attempt to influence the rest of Britain’s match manufacturers, who used white/yellow phosphorus in their production of lucifer ‘strike-anywhere’ matches. White phosphorus was known to cause phosphorus necrosis, known as ‘phossy jaw,’ and by the late 19th century many people were calling for a ban on the use of white phosphorus. Booth’s match factory created the Lights In Darkest England brand matches, a direct reference to a book that Booth published in 1890, "In Darkest England and the Way Out." In this publication, Booth details the horrible living conditions that London’s poor were subjected to. His match brand promoted the healthy working conditions of his employees and also the fair wages they received, compared to workers in other match factories. In 1901 the Salvation Army stopped producing matches, either because Booth believed that they had sufficiently pressured the matchmaking industry enough to stop using white phosphorus, or because they were unable to continue making a profit. The factory was taken over by the British Match Corporation.

To make the matches, small splints of timber were dipped in sulphur or Paraffin Wax and then put together in a frame that was dipped on both sides into the lighting mixture of phosphorus, glue, chlorate of potash, and coloring substance. The matches were then dried, cut in half, and put into boxes (Satre 1982, 8).

Paraffin Wax was imported from Germany and the United States of America, but it was also refined from crude oil shipped in from Russia and the United States of America. Timber was imported from Russia, Germany, the United States of America, Sweden, Norway, and Canada. Potash came from Canada, the United States of America, Germany, and British India.