Bankside Gas Works

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The Bankside gas works were built in 1814 as the first gas works south of the Thames (The National Archives).

Gas works were used to produce and store flammable coal gas. Coal was mined in Britain and then shipped on a barge up rivers or on trains to the gas works. There it was burned to create the gas, which was then purified and put into the gas holders until needed for consumer use to light streets and buildings. The process also created coke, tar, ammonia, and sulphur as by-products.


1814 to 1938


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Located in



Gas, Tar, Coke, Ammonia, Sulphur

Used Raw Materials



From To Owner
1814 1821 Monro and Evans
1821 1824 South London Gas Company
1824 1880 Phoenix Gas Company
1880 1938 South Metropolitan Gas Company


From To Industry
1814 1938 Coal Gas Industry