Lloyd's Paper Mills
From London's Ghost Acres
Edward Lloyd was a successful publisher and printer before deciding to move into the paper-making industry. He opened a paper-making mill at Bow Bridge in 1861. By this time printing was expanding rapidly and paper-making was shifting from a small craft to an industrial process, and the traditional supplies of linen, cotton rags, and straw were running low. Lloyd began searching elsewhere for a new way to make paper and discovered North African esparto grass. A patent had been developed in 1837 that used esparto in paper-making, but the current quantities of esparto that were being shipping in were not adequate for Lloyd’s needs. Lloyd went to Algeria and southern Spain to set up lands to grow esparto in larger quantities. In 1863 Lloyd purchased an old paper mill at Sittingbourne in Kent that he then used to process the pulp that was shipped to the mill at Bow to be made into paper. In 1877 the entire paper-making operation was moved to Sittingbourne.
“Establishing a paper mill and growing his own raw material made Lloyd the only Victorian newspaper proprietor to apply vertical integration – ownership and control of every aspect of the supply chain – to his business.” http://www.edwardlloyd.org/innovation.htm
1861 to 1877
Used Raw Materials